Gum (periodontal) diseases cost adults over the age of 35 more teeth than cavities, affecting three out of four adults at some time in their lives. The true tragedy lies in how easily these losses could be prevented with consistent removal of disease and decay causing bacterial plaque through proper daily tooth brushing and flossing.
Periodontal disease is the infection of the bone, ligament and gum tissue surrounding the teeth.
Gum infections that would gradually destroy your teeth’s natural support structures can lead to numerous diseases, each with different appropriate treatments. They are primarily caused by a colorless film of dental plaque that plagues genetically susceptible individuals and eventually hardens into rough, porous tartar.
The toxins that plaque bacteria produce can redden and irritate the gums. Eventually, they can begin to swell and bleed easily. Pockets can form as prolonged irritation separates gums from the teeth. The supporting gum tissue that normally holds teeth in place can deteriorate as periodontal diseases progress, leading to eventual tooth loss.
On top of hereditary risk factors, a number of lifestyle factors can compound ongoing plaque buildup:
In addition to studious daily brushing and flossing,regularly scheduled professional examinations and cleanings can very effectively prevent the onset of gum disease. Unfortunately, even these proactive measures won’t always stop periodontal afflictions. Once gum disease begins, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.